POLITY Important Topic
MAKING OF CONSTITUTION
The thought of constituent assembly for building the Constitution was first suggest by M.N. Roy in 1934. Indian National Congress officially demanded the setting up of Constituent Assembly in the year of 1935.
Q:- When was the First meeting of Constituent Assembly was held ?
Ans: Dec 9,1946.
Q:- Important Committees of Indian constitutions ?
|Drafting Committee||Dr. B.R. Ambedkar|
|Flag Committee||J. B. Kriplani|
|Union Constitution,Committee||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Provincial Constitution||Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel|
|Union Powers Committee||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Committee on Fundamental
Rights and Minorities
|Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel|
Q:- Who of the following acted as the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly? —-
Ans: B. N. Rau
Q:-The Members of the Constituent Assembly were ?
Ans:Elected by Provincial Assemblies
Q:-Under the Provisions of which Article of the Constitution, the Government abolished the
practice of untouchability?
Q:-Minimum percentage of reservation in a educational institution is ?
Q:-In which case did the Supreme Court restrict the authority of Parliament to amend FRs and declared these rights to be absolute, permanent and unalterable?
Ans: Golak Nath Case
Q:- Which among the following Article of the Constitution empowers the High Court to issue
writs of various kinds?
Question And Answer based on ELECTORAL PROCESS of Indian Constitution :
1. The Electoral System of India is largely based on the pattern of Britain
2. The details regarding the Electoral System of India were provided by the Parliament through a number of laws
3. Who has the power to make necessary provisions with respect to elections? Parliament
4. Who is competent to declare the elections to the Lok Sabha? President
5. What is the outstanding feature(s) of the Electoral System of India?
(i) Political parties are an indispensable part of the process,
(ii) Based on Universal Adult Franchise, &
(iii) Provides a single electoral body
6. Elections to Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly in India are conducted on the basis of – Adult Franchise
7. What is the system used to elect the President of India? Proportional Representation
8. Who is authorized to determine the territorial constituencies after each Census? Parliament
9. Which of the following provisions kept democracy alive in India? Electoral provisions
10. Chief Minister of a State is not eligible to vote in the Presidential Election if he is Member of the Legislative Council of the State Legislature
11. Voting age of citizens is changed from 21 to 18 years by 61st Constitutional Amendment Act.
12. 61st Constitutional Amendment reduced the voting age from 21 to 18
13. Citizen of India have the right to cast his vote after attaining the age of 18 years.
14. Elections in India are held on the basis of Single-member constituencies
15. The Chief Election Commissioner Appointed by the President
16. The Chief Election Commissioner holds Office for a fixed term of five years
17. The number of Members in Election Commission including the Chairman is 3
18. Which Article under the Constitution gives power to Election Commission to conduct elections? 324
19. The control and preparation of electoral rolls for Parliament and State Legislature vest with
the Election Commission
20. Election to Local Self Government shall be conducted by State Election Commission
21. Who will conduct the elections to posts of President and Vice President? Election Commission
22. Election Commission does not conduct election to Speaker of Lok Sabha
23. Who has been made responsible for free and fair elections in the country? Chief Election Commissioner
24. Elections to Lok Sabha shall be held after every Five years
25. For election to Lok Sabha, nomination papers can be filed by Any citizen whose name appears in the electoral roll
26. The party system in India can be described as Multi-party
27. Which one of the following is a feature of the party system in India? There is a close resemblance in the policies and programmes of various political
28. In India, the citizens have been given the right to vote on the basis of age
29. Which categories of persons are not entitled to exercise vote through postal ballot? Indian nationals settled abroad
30. Which body gives recognition to political parties? Election Commission
31. Main consideration which prompted government to convert Election Commission into a
multi-member body was To check the unbridled powers of the Chief Election Commissioner
32. Who accords recognition to various political parties as national or regional parties?
33. To be recognized as a national party, a party must secure at least 4% of the valid votes in four or more States
34. To be recognized as a regional party, a party must secure at least 4% of the valid votes in State
35. Which one of the following statements about the Election Commission is correct? The Members of the Election Commission have equal powers with the Chief Election Commissioner
36. Which of the following is not the function of the Election Commission? Selecting candidates for contesting elections
37. This is not the function of the Election Commission. Ascertain the suitability of candidates
38. Election disputes shall be decided by the Election Commission
39. In terms of Election laws in India, electioneering ceases in a constituency at least 48 hours before the commencement of the polling.
40. The Election Commission does not conduct election to the Post of Prime Minister
41. The Election Commission has no power to conduct election to the Speaker of Lok Sabha
42. The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections to
(ii) Offices of President and Vice President &
(iii) State Legislatures
43. The Election Commission of India enjoys Constitutional basis
44. The Election Commission generally consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and such
other Commissioners as determined by the President from time to time
45. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from Office before the expiry of the term by
the President on the recommendation of the Parliament
46. Chief Election Commissioner shall be removed by the Parliament
47. Who of the following has voting rights? Adult resident citizen of a State
48. Who is responsible for keeping the voters’ list up-to-date at all times? Election Commission
49. The first general elections were held in India in (OR) When did first General Elections was
50. Which of the following General Elections of India was spread over for 100 days? First
51. Which of the following features of the Electoral System of India ?
(i) It is based on Universal Adult Franchise,
(ii) Political parties are an indispensable part of the electoral process &
(iii) It provides a single electoral body
52. The term ‘Fourth Estate’ refers to Press
53. The chief merit of proportional representation is representation to all parties in the legislature according to their strength
54. In India, the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote is
used in the election of the President
55. Regional Election Commissioners may be appointed by the President
56. Regional Election Commissioners may be appointed by the President with the consultation of Election Commission
57. Other Election Commissioner or Regional Election Commissioners shall be removed on the
recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner
58. Which of the following Lok Sabha was dissolved before the expiry of its nominal term and
fresh elections held before the due date? Fourth
59. The Parliamentary elections of 1999, which have been described as the longest elections of
India, were spread over four weeks.
60. Which one of the following regional party emerged as the largest opposition party in the
Lok Sabha elections held in December, 1984? Telugu Desam Party
61. Consider the following tasks:
(i) Supervision, direction and conduction of elections,
(ii) Preparation of electoral rolls,
(iii) Proclaiming final verdict in the case of electoral irregularities
62. What is the ground
on which the Chief Election Commissioner of India can be removed
from his Office? Incapacity
63. Elections to the Lok Sabha and Legislatives Assemblies in India are held on the basis of —